Patience is a card game, it’s also known as Solitaire, Klondike or Freecell. The object of the game is to free up cards in the deck so as to build up the Suit Stacks in ascending order, starting with the Aces as foundations. It’s a one-person card game where both skill and luck are essential to finish the game. The objective of Patience is simple: put all of the 52 cards in piles on 4 foundations rows. However doing this is not as simple as it sounds.
Setting up a Solitaire Game
- Shuffle a standard deck of 52 cards and lay out seven cards in a row, with all but the first card face down.
- There are 4 foundations for Suit Stacks; the foundation row is divided into four face-up piles, one for each suit. When the game is successfully completed, each Suit Stack should contain 13 cards.
- There are 7 Column Stacks with cards turned face down and top card face up. The cards are dealt from left to right as follows: 1 card in the first stack, 2 cards in the second, 3 cards in the third and so on to 7 cards in the last stack on the right. This means in total 28 cards are in the Column Stacks.
- The remaining cards, 26 in total, are placed face down in the Stock pile in the upper left corner.
- A Play Deck is build by turning cards over from the Stockpile and placing them face up on the Play Deck. Check to see if any of the face up cards happens to be an Ace, if there is an Ace you can remove it from the Stockpile and place it directly on a Suit stack.
- Placing the top card either on a Column Stack or directly on a Suit Stack is reducing the Play Deck.
- The suits are Spades, Hearts, Clubs, and Diamonds as in a normal deck of cards.
Stacking the cards
- Suit Stacks must start with an Ace and follow suit in ascending order (for example, A, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, J, Q, K of Hearts, from bottom to top). In the Suit Stacks you place the cards to win the game.
- Column Stacks must alternate red and black, and they must build down in descending rank. Thus you can place either a 6 of Hearts or a 6 of Diamonds on a 7 of Spades, but not a 6 of Clubs or 6 of Spades.
- In general it’s believed that you should move your cards to the Suit Stacks as soon as possible, unless you believe delaying the move can lead to a more profitable play, which is sometimes the case.
Moving the Cards
- Needless to say but only cards that are faced up are available for play.
- Outside the Suit Stacks, cards can be moved about between the piles. A mentioned before a card can only be stacked on another card of the opposing color that is one number higher than it.
- To move a card, a stack or partial stack from one Column Stack to another, simply click the highest card you want to move and drag it to the other stack.
- Kings are special cards in a Patience Game as they are the only cards that can be moved into empty Column Stacks. The King and all the attached cards can be moved to the vacant column.
- Face down cards in Column Stacks can only be reached by moving the face up cards to other stacks, by clicking the face down card it will be revealed.
Using the Stockpile
- When you are left without any cards to move in the Column Stacks and you can’t move any top cards from the Stock Pile, you will need to click on the Stockpile to put a new card out on the Play Deck.
- In the Microsoft Windows version of Solitaire you will draw one card at a time, however there are plenty of 3 card Solitaire games in which 3 cards are exposed.
- As soon as you play the top card in the Stockpile the subsequent cards will become playable again.
- In Casino Patience and Klondike Solitaire you can only go through the Stockpile one time. Meaning you will have the 26 cards from the Stock Pile to place either on the Suit Stacks or the Column Stacks to finish the game.
- Most online version of any Solitaire game will have an “undo” button. This will allow the player to undo the last move. This option is helpful if you have been playing the game for some time and the eyes and concentration isn’t as good as it should be! Players may only undo the previous move.